You’re in a wilder situation that’s less than ideal — and you want to get back safely. Do you have the skill to protect yourself from harm?
Here are the top 5 Survival Tips Every Outdoor Person Should Know
Master your Attitude: A survival situation is not time to panic. You are most likely to survive a difficult situation if you focus on maintaining a positive, proactive attitude.
Develop a plan.
Inventory the resources you have.
Identify the critical task required for survival (water, shelter, warmth).
Determination: It’s often gritted that separates a survivor from a non-survivor.
Recognizing Feelings are not Facts: You may feel hopeless, but keep your focus on the tasks that need to be accomplished.
Make an Insulated Shelter
Building an effective shelter can help you protect from hypothermia and the elements.
Thinking Small: Since your body is the primary source of warmth, build a shelter that just big enough to accommodate your body when lying down.
Constructing the Framework: To make simple, available resources such as a fallen tree where we get rest by sitting a strong branch than on a standing tree.
Add the Side: Stack sticks close together on one side. Use progressively smaller sticks to fill in gaps.
Adding Insulation: Cover the sides with bark, leaves, pine needles, moss etc. — the more you thicker the material, the more protected you will be. Adding similar insulation to the ground, the thicker the better.
Make a Shade Shelter
In some situations, protection from heat will matter most.
Think Cool: Digging just a few inches in the soil can uncover cooler ground.
Build a Lean-to: Use sticks or limbs to make a shelter over the exposed ground.
Let the Airflow: The purpose of this shelter is to create shade. Use available material such as bark, leaves, a poncho, an emergency sleeping bag or blanket, or any available fabric to cover one side.
Remain Cool: Lie in the cool soil beneath the shade.
Find Clean Water: Finding clean, uncontaminated water is the holy grail of survival.
Rain: Collect, store, and drink.
Snow: The energy it requires for your body to absorb the water from snow is high. Instead of eating the snow, melt it first. This can easily be done over a fire or with a camp stove. If those aren’t options, use the sun. Accelerate the process by chopping up ice and hanging it in a water bag in direct sunlight. If there’s no sun, use your body’s heat.
Find other Water Sources
Boiling water for a minute is the best and safest way to kill off any pathogens.
Digging for Water: Certain plants indicate water sources are nearby. Identify plants, such as cattails, cottonwood, or willows, and dig a seep hole until you reach moisture. Wait for the water to collect in the hole.
Think Topographically: Rock outcropping or indentations are likely areas for water to accumulate. Remember, water found in puddles or streams should be boiled.